Hunara: Journal of Ancient Iranian Arts and History, published by Casa Editrice Persiani in Bologna, Italy, is an Open Access journal publishing scholarly articles under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0.




Hunara invites scholars to submit their manuscripts for review and publication. Hunara also accepts proposals for special issues. Please fill out the "Special Issue Proposal Form" and submit it at if you are interested in editing a special issue.


We are now accepting manuscripts for the special issue "Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts". Read more here.

Observation of the Role of Climate and Geography in the War Planning of the Sasanian Spāh (Army)

Kaveh Farrokh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Abstract First Published on 29 April 2023

  The Sasanian spāh (army) is well known for its application of war doctrines and tactics, military architecture and logistics; however, there have been no academic analyses as to the role of geography, climate and the weaponization of the elements in warfare. This article examines (1) the spāh’s ...  Read More