One Person, Several Names: Median or Old Persian?

Amir Zamani

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Published on 02 December 2023

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2023.183637

Abstract
  The Persepolis Fortification archive provides new insights into the study of Old Iranian, particularly regarding the debate over the "Median language". The archive contains numerous Iranian names in Elamite transcription, allowing for the identification of phonetic differences between Old Persian and ...  Read More

Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts
Volume 1, 1; Special Issue: Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts; edited by Helen Giunashvili and Mohammad Amin Mirghaderi , November 2023

Abstract
  This special issue comprises six articles that explore various aspects of nature as reflected in ancient Iranian sources.  Read More

A Cheetah in a Camphor Tree Grove: Etymological Notes on Indo-Iranian Words for Camphor

Leonid Kulikov

Volume 1, 1; Special Issue: Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts; edited by Helen Giunashvili and Mohammad Amin Mirghaderi , November 2023, , Pages 1-10

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2023.181445

Abstract
  This paper focuses on the etymology of Indo-Iranian words for camphor, particularly on Skt. karpūra-, briefly referring also to Gr. κέρβερος ‘Cerberus’. I argue that this form (of non-Indo-European origin) was modified due to secondary re-etymologization ...  Read More

Causality or Correlation: the Decline of Rome Due to the Sasanians

Nathan Decety

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Published on 16 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2024.434876.1003

Abstract
  The existence of the Sasanian Kingdom is considered an important facet of the Roman Empire’s downfall because it is believed the Sasanians were more competent or powerful than their predecessors - the Parthian Kingdom. This paper compares the total power of the Parthian and Sasanian kingdoms and ...  Read More

The Iranian Dragon-slaying Myth: Dragons, the Avestan Saošiiant, and Possible Connections to the Iranian Water Goddess Anāhitā

Manya Saadi-nejad

Volume 1, 1; Special Issue: Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts; edited by Helen Giunashvili and Mohammad Amin Mirghaderi , November 2023, , Pages 11-25

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2023.173300

Abstract
  The myth of an archetypal hero, either divine or human, slaying a dragon-serpent who is most often blocking access to a body of water is very ancient. Various water-related rituals and their attendant myths arose out of the vital dependence of the prehistoric Indo-European peoples on rivers to maintain ...  Read More

Ancient Georgia and pre-Islamic Iran: Issues of Cultural Relations in the Light of Glyptic Data

Ketevan Ramishvili; Helen Giunashvili

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Published on 13 February 2024

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2023.176111

Abstract
  In addition to the many realms of fine arts, the issues of Georgian-Iranian cultural interactions of pre-Islamic periods that merit our particular interest were adequately expressed in such a minor form of arts as glyptic, beginning from the Achaemenian days up to the Sasanian period. Glyptic artifacts, ...  Read More

Eastern Mountains: Central Zagros Perspective on the Akkadian Glyptics

Mohammad Amin Mirghaderi

Volume 1, 1; Special Issue: Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts; edited by Helen Giunashvili and Mohammad Amin Mirghaderi , November 2023, , Pages 27-42

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2023.408823.1000

Abstract
  The Mesopotamian cities in the Early Bronze Age were centers of technological innovation and had lasting influence on the history of mankind. A decisive factor in the urban culture of Mesopotamia was the trade network for the imports of metals and stones. The outstanding importance of the Central Zagros ...  Read More

From Persepolis to Persepolis: Bestiary’s Evolution after Sealings from the Achaemenid to the Sasanian Period

Delphine Poinsot

Volume 1, 1; Special Issue: Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts; edited by Helen Giunashvili and Mohammad Amin Mirghaderi , November 2023, , Pages 43-59

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2023.177782

Abstract
  This article presents a comparative study of bestiaries in Achaemenid and Sasanian glyptics, based on seal impressions from archival corpora. A systematic comparison of animal representations is carried out within the framework of zoo-iconography. This method makes it possible to formally determine the ...  Read More

Observation of the Role of Climate and Geography in the War Planning of the Sasanian Spāh (Army)

Kaveh Farrokh

Volume 1, 1; Special Issue: Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts; edited by Helen Giunashvili and Mohammad Amin Mirghaderi , November 2023, , Pages 61-70

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2023.170549

Abstract
  The Sasanian spāh (army) is well known for its application of war doctrines and tactics, military architecture and logistics; however, there have been no academic analyses as to the role of geography, climate and the weaponization of the elements in warfare. This article examines (1) the spāh’s ...  Read More

Khosrow and the Old Woman: Two Historical Stories with Two Side Stories on Animal Rights

Farzin Ghafouri; Mitra Reyhani

Volume 1, 1; Special Issue: Nature in Ancient Iranian Arts and Texts; edited by Helen Giunashvili and Mohammad Amin Mirghaderi , November 2023, , Pages 71-87

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2023.180132

Abstract
  Khosrow Anōšīravān is a renowned Iranian king, widely admired among Iranians, particularly for his good governance and tax reforms. His remembrances have been perpetuated in historical sources as well as in Persian literature. Persian stories about Khosrow Anōšīravān can be divided ...  Read More

Mesopotamian Astrology about Elam: An Introductory Overview

Enrique Quintana Cifuentes

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Published on 16 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2024.192214

Abstract
  In this paper, the focus is on examining astrological aspects related to Elam, particularly from the Mesopotamian perspective, emphasizing Assyrian and Babylonian texts from the 1st Millennium BC. This brief exploration encompasses a diverse array of texts, including oracles, prophecies, and astrological ...  Read More

The Language of the Parthians Living in the Roman Empire

Berta González Saavedra; Juan Antonio Álvarez-Pedrosa

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Published on 04 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.22034/hunara.2024.447407.1004

Abstract
  During the last years of the Republic, the image that the Romans had regarding the Parthian population was that of threat and hostility (Cicero’s Letters). However, the relationship between the two peoples changed over time, and in Tacitus and Suetonius’ texts, we find that the Parthian characters ...  Read More